Split Routing

To get traffic from one service to bypass the default routing tables, we can create a substitute routing table.

Marking Connections

Create New Routing Table

Create a new named routing table by creating a file like /etc/iproute2/rt_tables.d/redirect.conf with the contents:

2 redirect

The table number is arbitrary, but 253-255 and 0 are reserved. The name is likewise arbitrary.

Create Routes in New Table

If your routes you want to avoid haven’t been created yet, this is easy:

ip route show table main | \
  while read rule ; do
    ip route add $rule table redirect

You can also use grep to eliminate (for example) tunnel connections:

ip route show table main | grep -v tun | grep -v tap | \
  while read rule ; do
    ip route add $rule table redirect

Select Which Traffic Uses this Table

ip rule add fwmark 0x2 table redirect

Again, the value 0x2 is arbitrary, but 0x0 is reserved.

Mark the appropriate traffic

As an example, this covers traffic coming from the SSH port (i.e., response traffic to an SSH connection).

iptables -A PREROUTING -j CONNMARK --restore-mark
iptables -A PREROUTING -m mark ! --mark 0x0 -j ACCEPT
iptables -A PREROUTING -p tcp -m tcp --dport 22 -j MARK --set-mark 0x2
iptables -A PREROUTING -j CONNMARK --save-mark
iptables -A OUTPUT -j CONNMARK --restore-mark
iptables -A OUTPUT -m mark ! --mark 0x0 -j ACCEPT
iptables -A OUTPUT -p tcp -m tcp --sport 22 -j MARK --set-mark 0x2
iptables -A OUTPUT -j CONNMARK --save-mark

The CONNMARK lines use the connection tracking module to get all of the packets in a single connection (as tracked by nf_conntrack) the same mark. The mark value in the --set-mark statement should be the same as the value used in the ip rule statement above. OUTPUT rules are for the packets originating from the local host. PREROUTING rules are for the packets coming in from remote hosts. (This initially sets up the connection tracking with the mark.)

Flush the Cache

ip route flush cache

This clears any cached routes.


  • https://arstechnica.com/civis/viewtopic.php?f=16&t=1195455
  • http://linux-ip.net/html/routing-tables.html

Just Sending Via Incoming Interface

echo 200 isp2 >> /etc/iproute2/rt_tables
ip rule add from <interface_IP> dev <interface> table isp2
ip route add default via <gateway_IP> dev <interface> table isp2

From https://unix.stackexchange.com/questions/4420/reply-on-same-interface-as-incoming.