Windows PostEx

Windows Local PostEx

File Reads

Found on almost every windows machine, and a good file for checking that your read is working.
A good backup for boot.ini.
Network hosts file.

Basic Commands

whoami (whoami /all)
Shows information about the current user and privileges.
Shows information about currently set environment variables. Can leak quite a bit of useful information.

Networking Commands

ipconfig /all
Displays the full information about your NIC’s.
ipconfig /displaydns
Displays your local DNS cache.
netstat -nabo
Lists ports / connections with corresponding process (-b), don’t perform looking (-n), all connections (-a) and owning process ID (-o)
netstat -r
Displays the routing table.
netstat -na | findstr :445
Find all listening ports and connections on port 445.
netstat -nao | findstr LISTENING
Find all listening ports and their associated PIDs.
net view
Uses NBNS/SMB to try to find all hosts in workgroup/domain.
net view /domain
List all domains available to the host.
net view /domain:otherdomain
Queries NBNS/SMB to try to find all hosts in the other domain.
net user /domain
Lists all of the domain users.
net accounts
Print the local password policy.
net accounts /domain
Print the domain password policy.
net localgroup administrators
Print the members of the local group administrators.
net localgroup administrators /domain
Bizarrely gets the domain administrators.
net group "Domain Admins" /domain
Print the members of the Domain Admins group.
net share
Display the current shared SMB services.
arp -a
Print the ARP table.
route print
Print the routing table. See also netstat -r.
netsh wlan
Manipulate wireless profiles.
wmic ntdomain list
Get information about the domain and domain controller.


gpresult /z
Get current GPO settings for the current system and user.
sc qc <svc>
Get the configuration of a service, including the binary path, user, and startup settings.
sc query
Get a list of all services.

Stored Credentials

Unattended installation creds:


These can be found with the metasploit module post/windows/gather/enum_unattend.

Find passwords in files:

findstr /si password *.txt
findstr /si password *.xml
findstr /si password *.ini

Find files with pass in the name:

dir /b /s *pass*

Other credential types:

  • PuTTY: reg query "HKCU\Software\SimonTatham\PuTTY\Sessions"
  • RealVNC: reg query HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\RealVNC\WinVNC4 /v password
  • Windows AutoLogin: reg query "HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\Currentversion\Winlogon"
  • SNMP: reg query "HKLM\SYSTEM\Current\ControlSet\Services\SNMP"

Windows Domain PostEx

Grab Hashes

Get Local Credentials

  • Windows Credential Editor extracts login credentials for Windows XP, 2003, Vista, 7, 2008 and Windows 8.
  • Mimikatz is also a credential dumper for a variety of credential types. It’s now well known to extract plaintexts passwords, hash, PIN code and kerberos tickets from memory. mimikatz can also perform pass-the-hash, pass-the-ticket or build Golden tickets.

Using Hashes

  • psexec
  • Pass the Hash
  • Kerberoasting
  • NTLM Relaying

Windows Postexploitation Tools

  • Bloodhound
  • Powershell Empire
  • Pupy
  • Mimikatz
  • Responder
  • SETH
  • WinPEAS – Enumerate possible privilege escalation options